Short Vs Long gearing choice is made based on the priorities of the user. For those who travels a lot in the city and wants to have a relaxed style of driving with less shifting and tractability of higher order, it is ideal to opt for short geared cars. But at the same time, the user will have to sacrifice the fuel efficiency and top end performance. The Advantages of the short gearing is the instant acceleration and the disadvantages are more strain to the engine, more tractability, low fuel economy, strong bottom-end, etc. Shorter gears are ideal for city driving, more practicality and often manufacturers use it to offset the kerb weight of the car. Long gearing is used for attaining mid and top range, high fuel efficiency with free reviving engine but it is less practicality. The advantages of the long gearing is the high fuel efficiency and the disadvantages are weak tractability, strong top-end, frequent gear changes and free reviving engines.