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ABS – (Anti – Lock Braking System)

ABS is an automobile safety mechanism which helps wheels of a motor vehicle to maintain tractive contact with surface of road, avoid skidding and prevent wheels lock up. It uses the principle of threshold braking and cadence braking (which were used earlier).

 

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An ABS car is 37 % more likely to avoid an accident than cars without ABS.
 
ABS equipped cars attain better braking distances than those without ABS. It can be equipped in cars with Rear wheel or all – wheel drive terrain. ABS is usually equipped with EBD (Electronic Brakeforce Distribution), TCS (Traction Control System), Brake Assist or ESP (Electronic Stability Program) to improve its capabilities. With these it not only prevents wheel lock under braking but also controls the front – to – rear brake bias electronically.
 
The ABS is made of four main components: Speed Sensors, Valves, A Pump and A Controller.
 
Speed sensors are used to determine the acceleration or retardation of the wheel.
 
Valves are present in the brake line in each of the three brakes controlled by ABS. The Pump is used to restore the pressure which was earlier released by valves. Lastly, the controller – it receives information from each individual speed sensors, it’s an ECU type. The ABS pumps your braking system preventing wheel lock – up whereas in those without ABS driver has to manually pump the brakes in order to prevent the same.
 
The ABS is of five types:1.) Four – Channel, four sensors; 2.) Three – Channel, four sensors; 3.) Three – Channel, Three sensors; 4.) Two – Channel, four sensors; 5.) One – Channel, One sensor. ABS was made mandatory in every car sold after 2007 in Europe and after 2011 in United States.
 

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